Nanoscale Physics and Devices Laboratory

Prof. Hongjun GAO's

Nano Research Group

Institute of Physics


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Hong-Jun GAO (H. -J. Gao)

  • Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

  • Member of the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World.

  • Professor in Physics.

  • Deputy director, the Institute of Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences.


Tel:   +86-10-82648035                
Fax:   +86-10-62556598                


Academic Experience and Education

  • 1994, Ph D in Physics, Peking University

  • 1994/8, Associate Professor, Beijing Laboratory of Vacuum Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

  • 1995/10, Professor, Beijing Laboratory of Vacuum Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

  • 1997/08 -1999/12, Visiting Professor, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA

  • 2000-now, Professor, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences


Professional Advisory Committees
  • Associate editor , Applied Physics Letters, The Institute of Physics, USA

  • Chair of the nanometer structures, The Executive Council of the International Union for Vacuum Science, Technique and Applications (IUV-STA).

  • Member, Editorial board, New Journal of Physics, The Institute of Physics, UK.

  • Deputy secretary general, Chinese Vacuum Society.
Honors and Awards
  • 2012,  Science and Technology Awards of the Ho Leung Ho Lee Foundation

  • 2010,  Humboldt Research Award

  • 2009,  Prize in Physics of TWAS (the academy of sciences for the developing world).

  • 2008, The 2nd Place of the National Science and Technology Awards, Ministry of Science and Technology (China) .

  • 2008, The Achievement in Asia Award (AAA) of the Overseas Chinese Physics Association (ROBERT T. POE PRIZE).

  • 2003, "Achievement Award of vacuum science and technology" from Chinese Vacuum Society.

  • 2001, Outstanding Young Research Foundation, Chinese National Science Foundation.

  • 2000, "100 Talent Programme", Chinese Academy of Sciences.

  • 1996, The Top Ten Beijing Youth Award on Science and Technology.

  • 1991, CHI-SUN YEH Prize of Experimental Physics.

Research Interests

  • Constructions and fundamental properties of basic units for nanoscale electronic devices.

  • Self-assembly and structure characterizations of low-dimensional functional molecule systems.

  • Materials, technology and relative physical basic in the field of ultrahigh density information storage/molecule storage.

  • Self-organization and growth dynamics of organic-inorganic complex.

  • Surface-supported nanostructures and their formation process by STM.

  • Fabrications of low-dimensional biosystems and testing of their properties.



1. Haiming Guo, Yeliang Wang and Hongjun Gao
"Scanning Tunneling Microscopy of the Si(111)-7x7 Surface and Adsorbed Ge Nanostructures" (Chapter 17) in
<<Applies Scanning Probe Methods XII - Characterization>>,
Eds. B. Bhushan and H. Fuchs, Pages 183-220, Springer, 2009, USA.

2. T. Z. Yang,Anca Mocofanescu, C. M. Shen, H. J. Gao, and C. W. Xiao
"Chapter 3: Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications" in
<< Micro and Nano Manipulations for Biomedical Applications>>
Eds. T.C. Yih and L. Talpasanu, P. 43-100, Artech House, 2008, USA.

3. << Advanced Materials and Nanoelectronics>>
Guest Editors: H. J. Gao, H. Fuchs, and D. Chen
Special Issue in Nanotechnology, Vol. 13, Number 6, December 2002
Institute of Physics Publishing, UK.

4.<< Advanced Nanomaterials and Nanodevices >>
Guest Editors: H. J. Gao, H. Fuchs, and D. Chen
Institute of Physics Publishing (e-Book Series), UK. 2003, UK.

5. H. J. Gao, Z. Q. Xue, and S.J. Pang
"Toward Organic Molecular Devices using an Ionized Cluster Beam Deposition Technique" in
<<Electrical and Optical Polymer System: Fundamental, Methods, and Application>>
Eds. D. L. Wise, D. J. Trantolo, et al., P.729-762, Marcer Dekker, INC, 1998, USA.

6. Z. Q. Xue, H. J. Gao, and S. J. Pang
"Organic Thin Films for Ultrahigh Data Density Storage" in
<<Photonic Polymer System: Fundamental, Methods, and Application>>
Eds. D.L. Wise, G.E. Wnek, et al., P.895-935, Marcer Dekker, INC, 1998, USA.


Representative Papers

Q. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, N. Jiang, H. G. Zhang, L. Gao, S. X. Du, and H. -J. Gao
"Identifying Multiple Configurations of Complex Molecules in Dynamical Processes: Time Resolved Tunneling Spectroscopy and Density Functional Theory Calculation"

Physical Review Letters 104, 166101, 2010

N. Jiang, Y. Y. Zhang, Q. Liu, Z. H. Cheng, Z. T. Deng, S. X. Du, H. -J. Gao, M. J. Beck and S. T. Pantelides
"Diffusivity Control in Molecule-on-Metal Systems Using Electric Fields"
Nano Letters 10. 1184-1188 ,2010

M. Gao, Y. Pan, C. D. Zhang, H. Hu, R. Yang, H. L. Lu, J. M. Cai,S. X. Du, F. Liu and H. -J. Gao
"Tunable interfacial properties of epitaxial graphene on metal substrates"
Appl.Phys.Lett.96,053109(3) ,2010

H. -J. Gao, L. Gao
"Scanning tunneling microscopy of functional nanostructures on solid surfaces: Manipulation, self-assembly, and applications"
Progress in Surface Science (Review Journal) 85, 28-91 ,2010

J. H. Mao, H. G. Zhang, Y. H. Jiang, Y. Pan, M. Gao, W. D. Xiao, H. -J. Gao
"Tunability of Supramolecular Kagome Lattices of Magnetic Phthalocyanines Using Graphene-Based Moire¡äPatterns as Templates"
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(40), 14136¨C14137,2009

Y. Pan, H.G. Zhang, D.X. Shi, J.T. Sun, S.X. Du, F. Liu, H. -J. Gao
"Highly Ordered, Millimeter-Scale, Continuous, Single-Crystalline Graphene Monolayer Formed on Ru (0001) "
Adv. Mater. 21, 2777-2780 ,2009

Gao L, Liu Q, Zhang YY, Jiang N, Zhang HG, Cheng ZH, Qiu WF, Du SX, Liu YQ, Hofer WA, Gao HJ,
Constructing an Array of Anchored Single-Molecule Rotors on Gold Surfaces
Phys. Rev. Lett. 101,197209,2008

Hu H, Gao HJ, Liu F,
Theory of Directed Nucleation of Strained Islands on Patterned Substrates
Phys. Rev. Lett. 101,216102,2008

Yi Pan, Haigang Zhang, Dongxia Shi, Jiatao Sun, Shixuan Du, Feng Liu, Hong-jun Gao,
Highly ordered, Millimeter-scale, continuous, single crystalline graphene monolayer formed on Ru(0001)

L Gao, W Ji, Y B Hu , Z H Cheng, Z T Deng, Q Deng, N Jiang, X Lin, W Guo, S X Du, W A Hofer, X C Xie, H J Gao,
Site-specific Kondo effect at ambient temperatures in iron-based molecules
Phys. Rev. Lett. 99,106402,2007

D.X. Shi, W. Ji, X. Lin, X.B. He, J.C. Lian, L. Gao, J.M. Cai, S.X. Du, F. Lin, C. Seidel, L.F. Chi, W.A. Hofer, H. Fuchs, and H. J. Gao
Role of lateral alkyl chains in modulation of molecular structures on metal surfaces
Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 226101, 2006

Z.T. Deng, H. Lin W. Ji, L. Gao, X. Lin, Z.H. Cheng, X.B. He, J.L. Lu, S.X. Du, W. A. Hofer, and H. J. Gao
Selective analysis of molecular states by functionalized scanning tunneling microscopy tips
Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 156102, 2006

S.X. Du, H. J. Gao, C. Seidel, L. Tsetseris, W. Ji, H. Kopf, L. F. Chi, H. Fuchs, S. J. Pennycook, and S. T. Pantelides
Selective Nontemplated Adsorption of Organic Molecules on Nanofacets and the Role of Bonding Patterns
Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 156105, 2006

W. Ji, Z. Y. Lu, and H.J. Gao
Electron Core-Hole Interaction and Its Induced Ionic Structural Relaxation in Molecular Systems under X-Ray Irradiation
Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 246101, 2006

J. Weissenrieder, S. Kaya, J. L. Lu, H.-J. Gao, H.-J. Freund
Atomic Structure of a Thin Silica Film on a Mo(112) Substrate:ATwo-Dimensional Network of SiO4 Tetrahedra
Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 076103, 2005

Y L Wang, H J Gao, HM Guo et al.
Bonding Configurations and Collective Patterns of Ge Atoms Adsorbed on Si(111)-7¡Á7
Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 106101, 2005

Y B Hu, Y Zhu, H.-J. Gao, H. Guo
Conductance of an Ensemble of Molecular Wires: A Statistical Analysis
Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 156803, 2005

M. Feng, X.F. Guo, X. Lin, X.B. He, J. Wei, S.X. Du, D.Q. Zhang, D.B. Zhu, H. J. Gao
Stable, Reproducible Nanorecording on Rotaxane Thin Films
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 15338, 2005

Y.L. Wang, H.-J. Gao, H.M. Guo, and H.W. Liu
Tip size effect on the appearance of a STM image for complex surfaces: Theory versus experiment for Si(111)-7x7
Phys. Rev. B. 70, 073312, 2004

H.J. Gao, Z.Q. Xue, L.P. Ma, H.Y. Chen, S.J. Pang, and S.J. Pennycook
Reversible, Nanometer-scale Conductance Transitions in an Organic Complex
Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1780, 2000
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